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Title: External-forcing modulation on temporal variations of hydrothermalism-evidence from sediment cores in a submarine venting field off northeastern Taiwan.
Authors: Jia-Jang Hung
Hsiang-Yi Yeh
Shao-Hung Peng
Yuan-Pin Chang
Jiang-Shiou Hwang
Contributors: 國立臺灣海洋大學:海洋生物研究所
Date: 2018-11
Issue Date: 2019-01-02T07:41:43Z
Publisher: PLoS ONE
Abstract: Abstract: The temporal variation of sulfur and metals in core sediments off Kueishantao Islet, a hydrothermal vent site at northeastern Taiwan, was explored to elucidate the changes in submarine hydrothermal emanation over a centennial time scale. The discharge of acidic fluids containing abundant sulfides and dissolved metals results in different concentrations of sulfur and metal accumulating in deposited sediments. In addition to particle size and organic carbon affecting metal contents, the content of total sulfur (TS), which is regarded as an indicator of hydrothermalism, correlates positively and strongly with Fe and other metals; however, it correlates negatively with another index of hydrothermalism, the Al/(Al+Fe+Mn) ratio. The TS content in Core Ks2, the core closest to the vents, increased during 1950–1956, 1968–1970, 1982–1987, 1990–1992, and 2004–2005, but decreased during 1967–1968, 1988–1990, and 1994–1995. The chronological changes in the TS concentration of Cores Ks3 and S2 were very similar to those of Core Ks2 within the aforementioned time spans. The numerous large earthquakes (ML > 5) and typhoons that affect northeastern Taiwan appear to influence hydrothermal emanation and determine the temporal variation of sulfur and metals in sediment cores.
Relation: 13(11)
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/51864
Appears in Collections:[海洋生物研究所] 期刊論文

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