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Title: Effect of electrical stimulation on protease activity and tenderness of M. longissimus from cattle with different proportions of Bos indicus content
Authors: Drewe M Ferguson
Shann-Tzong Jiang
Helen Hearnshaw
Samantha R Rymill
Contributors: 國立臺灣海洋大學:食品科學系
Keywords: Calpain
Bos indicus
Electrical stimulation
Date: 2000-07
Issue Date: 2018-11-21T07:52:34Z
Publisher: Meat Science
Abstract: Abstract: The effect of electrical stimulation on protease activity (at approx. 3 h postmortem), sensory tenderness scores and shear force was determined on M. longissimus samples from three Bos indicus genotypes (0% Hereford, 50% Brahman×Hereford and 100% Brahman). The samples were divided and aged for 1 or 30 days. Electrical stimulation resulted in a general reduction in calpastatin activity suggesting that it accelerated proteolysis. Calpastatin activity increased commensurate with increasing Bos indicus content. Several significant interactions were shown, the most relevant of these was the interaction between Bos indicus content×electrical stimulation. In contrast to the other genotypes, calpain I and calpain II activities were shown to increase (significant for calpain II only) following stimulation in the purebred Brahmans (100%). There was a significant reduction in tenderness with increasing Bos indicus content. However, breed differences in shear force were reduced by electrical stimulation. The improvement in shear force following ageing was smaller for stimulated carcasses compared to the controls. This tends to reinforce the premise that electrical stimulation accelerates proteolysis. The results of this study show clear genotypic differences in proteolytic activity and tenderness. However, electrical stimulation can be employed to reduce breed differences in tenderness of the M. longissimus.
Relation: 55(3) pp.265-272
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/51284
Appears in Collections:[食品科學系] 期刊論文

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