Abstract: Over the past 3 decades, the status of sea turtles and the need for their protection to aid
population recovery have increasingly captured the interest of government agencies, non-governmental
organisations (NGOs) and the general public worldwide. This interest has been matched by
increased research attention, focusing on a wide variety of topics relating to sea turtle biology and
ecology, together with the interrelations of sea turtles with the physical and natural environments.
Although sea turtles have been better studied than most other marine fauna, management actions
and their evaluation are often hindered by the lack of data on turtle biology, human–turtle interactions,
turtle population status and threats. In an effort to inform effective sea turtle conservation a list
of priority research questions was assembled based on the opinions of 35 sea turtle researchers from
13 nations working in fields related to turtle biology and/or conservation. The combined experience
of the contributing researchers spanned the globe as well as many relevant disciplines involved in
conservation research. An initial list of more than 200 questions gathered from respondents was condensed
into 20 metaquestions and classified under 5 categories: reproductive biology, biogeography,
population ecology, threats and conservation strategies.