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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/50849

Title: Mosquitocidal and water purification properties of Ocimum santum and Phyllanthus emblica
Authors: Kadarkarai Murugan
Pari Madhiyazhagan
Arjunan Nareshkumar
Thiyagarajan Nataraj
D. Dinesh
Jiang Shiou Hwang
Marcello Nicoletti
Contributors: 國立臺灣海洋大學:生命科學暨生物科技學系
Keywords: Anopheles stephensi
Ocimum sanctum
Phyllanthus emblica
ovipositional deterrent
ovicidal
mosquitocidal
water purification
Date: 2012-12
Issue Date: 2018-10-29T01:54:15Z
Publisher: Journal of Entomological and Acarological Research
Abstract: Abstract: Ocimum sanctum was tested for its larvicidal and water sedimentation properties; the fruit ethanol and methanol extracts of Phyllanthus emblica were tested for phytochemical, larvicidal, oviposition-deterrent and ovicidal activities. Results emphasized that plant extracts have high toxicity against the egg and larvae of the malarial vector Anopheles stephensi and also have water sedimentation properties. LC50 of Phyllanthus emblica against Anopheles stephensi larvae ranged from 33.08 ppm to 81.26 ppm and from 23.44 to 54.19 ppm for ethanol and methanol extracts, respectively. Phyllanthus emblica also showed excellent ovipositional deterrent and ovicidal activities. The oviposition activity index value of ethanol and methanol extracts of Phyllanthus emblica at 500 ppm were -0.80 and -0.92, respectively. Ocimum sanctum includes both insecticidal secondary compounds, amino acids (glycine, lysine), vitamin C and other substances, that make treated water suitable for human consumption. Water quality parameters such as color, turbidity and pH were analyzed in the water samples (pre-treatment and post-treatment of plant extracts) taken from the breeding sites of mosquitoes. Hence, the plant product can be used as both mosquitocidal and water purifier.
Relation: 44(3)
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/50849
Appears in Collections:[生命科學暨生物科技學系] 期刊論文

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