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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/50701

Title: An analysis of how to improve production of copepods as live feed from tropical Taiwanese outdoor aquaculture ponds.
Authors: ElisaBlanda
Jacob KringHøjgaard
Hans HenrikJakobsen
Thomas AllanRayner
Benni WindingHansen
Contributors: 國立臺灣海洋大學:生命科學暨生物科技學系
Keywords: Aquaculture ponds
Calanoid copepods
Pseudodiaptomus annandalei
Live feed for fish larvae
Date: 2017-10
Issue Date: 2018-10-22T02:37:21Z
Publisher: Aquaculture
Abstract: Abstract: The motivation for this study was to analyse the productivity of Taiwanese aquaculture ponds while providing recommendations for a more effective copepod harvesting. Hence, variations in copepod species composition, biomass and productivity were investigated during four separate 3 weeks of intensive sampling campaigns across an annual season. The ponds showed seasonal changes, with relatively colder water at 20 °C and lower chlorophyll-a in the winter (January 2014) compared to warm water 32 °C and higher chlorophyll-a during the long summer season (April, July, October 2013). Differences between seasons were found for phytoplankton pigments concentration in the seston. Inorganic nutrients were never limited, and the average availability of phytoplankton such as diatoms and haptophytes was sufficient to support maximal growth of zooplankton. The copepod community was characterized by low species diversity with Pseudodiaptomus annandalei and Apocyclops royi as main species. Adult copepods and copepodite stages showed total maximum biomass in October and January with 383 ± 35 μg C L− 1 and 352 ± 74 μg C L− 1, respectively, where the farmers harvesting effort was minimal. The secondary production, evaluated by the nauplii and copepodites carbon specific growth, was stable at 0.36 ± 0.10 d− 1 and 0.50 ± 0.05 d− 1, respectively. The fatty acid composition in the copepods was highly favourable during the winter campaign of which also coincided with a favourable phytoplankton composition. Lastly, this study shows evidence on the yearlong availability of copepods to the pond managers, which, based on standing stock and secondary productivity, easily could improve and intensify their harvest effort. Nauplii could be harvested all year long and adult copepods and copepodites could also be collected during the winter, allowing the pond managers to expand the sales period and thereby increase their revenue.
Relation: 479 pp.432-441
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/50701
Appears in Collections:[生命科學暨生物科技學系] 期刊論文

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