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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/50052

Title: A Novel Design for the Ultra-Tightly Coupled GPS/INS Navigation System
Authors: Dah-Jing Jwo
Chi-Fan Yang
Chih-Hsun Chuang
Kun-Chieh Lin
Contributors: 國立臺灣海洋大學:通訊與導航工程學系
Keywords: Ultra-tightly coupled GPS/INS
Doppler Aiding
Unscented Particle Filter (UPF)
Fuzzy Logic
Date: 2012-10
Issue Date: 2018-09-14
Publisher: The Journal of Navigation
Abstract: Abstract: This paper presents a sensor fusion method for the Ultra-Tightly Coupled (UTC) Global Positioning System (GPS)/Inertial Navigation System (INS) integrated navigation. The UTC structure, also known as the deep integration, exhibits many advantages, e.g., disturbance and multipath rejection capability, improved tracking capability for dynamic scenarios and weak signals, and reduction of acquisition time. This architecture involves the integration of I (in-phase) and Q (quadrature) components from the correlator of a GPS receiver with the INS data. The Particle Filter (PF) exhibits superior performance as compared to an Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) and Unscented Kalman Filter (UKF) in state estimation for the nonlinear, non-Gaussian system. To handle the problem of heavy-tailed probability distribution, one of the strategies is to incorporate the UKF into the PF as the proposal distribution, leading to the Unscented Particle Filter (UPF). The combination of an adaptive UPF and Fuzzy Logic Adaptive System (FLAS) is adopted for reducing the number of particles with sufficiently good results. The GPS tracking loops may lose lock due to the signals being weak, subjected to excessive dynamics or completely blocked. One of the principal advantages of the UTC structure is that a Doppler frequency derived from the INS is integrated with the tracking loops to improve the receiver tracking capability. The Doppler frequency shift is calculated and fed to the GPS tracking loops for elimination of the effect of stochastic errors caused by the Doppler frequency. In this paper, several nonlinear filtering approaches, including EKF, UKF, UPF and ‘FLAS assisted UPF’ (FUPF), are adopted for performance comparison for ultra-tight integration of GPS and INS. It is assumed that no outage occurs such that the inertial sensor errors can be properly corrected and accordingly the aiding information is working well. Two examples are provided for performance assessment for the various data fusion methods. The FUPF algorithm with Doppler velocity aiding demonstrates remarkable improvement, especially in the high dynamic environments, in navigation estimation accuracy with reduction of number of particles.
Relation: 65(4) pp.717-747
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/50052
Appears in Collections:[通訊與導航工程學系] 期刊論文

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