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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/48628

Title: 飼料中添加不同的動物及植物水解蛋白對南美白對蝦成長及體組成之影響
The effects of dietary animal and plant hydrolysate protein on the growth performances and body composition of Pacific white shrimp,Litopenaeus vannamei
Authors: Wong Tze Yuen
黃芷筠
Contributors: NTOU:Department of Aquaculture
國立臺灣海洋大學:水產養殖學系
Keywords: 水解蝦粉;水解魚粉;水解大豆蛋白;增重率;SGR;白蝦(Litopenaeus vannamei)
shrimp hydrolysate powder;tilapia protein hydrolysate;soy protein hydrolysate;L. vannamei;weight gain;specific growth rate (SGR)
Date: 2017
Issue Date: 2018-08-22T06:06:50Z
Abstract: 本論文探討共分三個部分:(一)飼料中添加不同含量水解蝦粉(SHP)對南美白對蝦成長與體組成之影響。(二)飼料中添加不同含量水解魚蛋白(TH)對南美白對蝦成長與體組成之影響。(三)飼料中以不同含量水解大豆蛋白(SPH)取代魚粉蛋白對南美白對蝦成長與體組成之影響。 實驗一 :飼料分別添加0、1、2、3、4、5% SHP,配製等蛋白31%,等油脂9%之六組實驗飼料。餵食十隻4.23g白蝦,實驗期間每日投餵三次,採任食投餵,實驗為期9週。實驗結束後,白蝦投餵飼料含2-5% SHP 的增重率及SGR與投餵控制組飼料沒有顯著差異。白蝦投餵飼料含0、4及5% SHP 組增重率顯著高於投餵飼料含1% SHP組。白蝦投餵飼料含5% SHP 組有最好成長表現。存活率為93-97%。 實驗二:飼料分別添加0、1、2、3、4、5% TH,配製等蛋白31%,等油脂9%之六組實驗飼料。餵食二十隻0.028g白蝦,實驗期間每日投餵三次,採任食投餵,實驗為期6週。實驗結束後,白蝦投餵飼料含1-3% TH 的末重、增重率以及SGR與投餵控制組飼料沒有顯著差異。白蝦投餵飼料含4及5% TH 組增重率顯著高於投餵飼料含0% TH組。白蝦投餵飼料含5% TH 組有最好成長表現。存活率為82-93%。 實驗三: 飼料分別取代0、5、10、15、20、25% SPH,配製等蛋白31%,等油脂9%之六組實驗飼料。餵食二十隻0.028g白蝦,實驗期間每日投餵三次,採任食投餵,實驗為期6週。實驗結束後,白蝦投餵飼料含5、10、15、20% SPH 的末重、增重率及SGR與投餵控制組飼料沒有顯著差異。白蝦投餵飼料含0、5、10、15及20% SPH 組增重率顯著高於投餵飼料含25% SPH組。白蝦投餵飼料含5% SPH 組有最好成長表現。存活率為78-93%。
Three feeding trials were conducted to examine the effect of dietary supplemented with shrimp hydrolysate powder (SHP), tilapia protein hydrolysate (TH) and soy protein hydrolysate (SPH) replace fish meal protein on the growth performance and body composition of the Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei. All experimental diets were formulated to content isonitrogenous (31% crude protein) and isolipidic (9% crude lipid). In the first experiment, six experimental diets were formulated to supplement with 0%, 1%, 2%, 3%, 4% and 5% of SHP. Ten 4.23g white shrimp were randomly distributed to six treatment groups in triplicate. The shrimp were fed ad libitum three times a day for nine weeks. Termination of the experiment, the weight gain and SGR of shrimp fed diets containing 2-5 % SHP had no significant different from those of shrimp fed control diet. Shrimp fed diets containing 0%, 4% and 5% SHP had significantly higher weight gain than those fed diet containing 1% SHP. Shrimp fed a diet with containing 5% SHP had the best growth performance. The survival of shrimp fed treatment diets range from 93% to 97%. In the second experiment, six experimental diets were formulated to supplement with 0%, 1%, 2%, 3%, 4% and 5% of TH. Twenty 0.028g white shrimp were randomly distributed to six treatment groups in triplicate. The shrimp were fed ad libitum three times a day for six weeks. The WG and SGR of shrimp fed diets containing 1-3% TH had no significantly different from those of shrimp fed control diet. Shrimp fed diets containing 4% and 5% TH had significantly higher weight gain than those fed diet containing 0% TH. Shrimp fed a diet with containing 5% TH had the best growth performance. The survival of shrimp fed treatment diets range from 82% to 93%. In the third experiment, six experimental diets were formulated replace fish meal protein with 0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, 20% and 25% of SPH. Twenty 0.028g white shrimp were randomly distributed to six treatment groups in triplicate. The shrimp were fed ad libitum three times a day for six weeks. The WG and SGR of shrimp fed diets containing 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% SPH were not significantly different from those of shrimp fed control diet. Shrimp fed diets containing 0%, 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% SPH had significantly higher weight gain than those fed diet containing 25% SPH. Shrimp fed a diet with containing 5% SPH had the best growth performance. The survival of shrimp fed treatment diets range from 78% to 93%.
URI: http://ethesys.lib.ntou.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=G0010433014.id
http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/48628
Appears in Collections:[水產養殖學系] 博碩士論文

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