Abstract: The nanoscaled tris-(8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum (AlQ3) crystalline film was synthesized by vapor condensation. It was stacked with nanometer-sized rods, approximately 100 nm wide and 1 μm long, and had a surface roughness of about 100 nm. The vibronic progression with several separated peaks was observed in the photoluminescence spectrum at room temperature. It is attributed to the crystallinity of AlQ3 and the coupling of vibrations of the individual ligands to the fluorescence transition. The emission current was also observed with a turn-on field of 12.0 V/μm, and a current density of about 0.8 mA/cm2 at 22 V/μm. Therefore, the AlQ3 crystalline film provides a choice for field emission.