Abstract: Cell viability is a crucial issue in biological research. We present label-free monitoring of adhesion cells viability by gold nanoslits-based Fano resonance biosensors. Plastic multiple wells with gold nanoslits substrate were made using a thermal nanoimprint method. Adhesion cells in the wells were treated with doxorubicin for inducing cell death and compared with conventional colorimetric assay. The nanoslits method shows better respones of viability tests under low concentration and short interaction time due to its high surface sensitivies. The vinculin labelling indicates that the measured signals are in good agreement with the adhesion abilities of cells.