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Title: 一山還一水,無國又無家:文天祥海洋詩歌文化意涵探析
The Cultural Connotations of the Ocean in the Maritime Poetry of Wen Tianxiang
Authors: 顏智英(Jy-Ing Yan)
Contributors: 國立臺灣海洋大學:海洋文化研究所
Keywords: 宋詩
Wen Tianxiang 文天祥
Song poetry
maritime poetry
Date: 2016
Issue Date: 2018-06-06T08:10:03Z
Publisher: 漢學研究
Abstract: 摘要:文天祥(1236-1282),自40歲起,便一路從海道輾轉鯨波、數瀕死境,欲南歸海上行朝以圖中興南宋,卻不幸於五坡嶺為元軍所俘,被迫目睹南宋亡於崖海之上。因此,海洋對他而言,具有深刻的意義,其詩筆下的海洋,亦具有豐富的文化意涵。本文即探討他一百四十多首與海相關的海洋詩歌所呈現的文化意涵。先析論他對傳統視海洋為「阻隔的空間」、「奇美的勝地」、「超越現實的理想世界」等意象書寫的繼承與開拓情形,再探究他憑藉親身泛海的經驗與強烈報國的意識,將傳統視海洋為「重生的搖籃」之意象具體化為「南歸的希望」、將「毀誠的場域」聚焦化為「殺戮的戰場」之深刻內涵;在他具體而形象的書寫藝術中,我們透視了文天祥個性化(報國丹心)、大格局(由私憤提昇至忠憤)的情意書寫特徵。

Abstract: In his forties, Wen Tianxiang 文天祥(1236-1282) faced death at sea numerous times while attempting to help the imperial court in exile re-establish the Southern Song dynasty. Unfortunately, he was eventually captured by Yuan soldiers and forced to witness the dynasty's final demise on the cliffs above the sea. Thus, the ocean for him possesses a profound significance and is rich in cultural meaning in his poetry. This article explores the cultural connotations of his more than 140 maritime poems. Firstly, we analyze the inheritance and development of traditional views of the ocean as embodied in literary images as an isolating space, a place of wonderful mystical beauty, and an ideal world that transcends reality. Secondly, we explore how Wen Tianxiang's personal experiences at sea and fierce dedication to serving his country led him to transform the traditional image of the ocean as a cradle of rebirth into a concrete hope for the restoration of the Southern Song dynasty, and to refocus the image of the seas as a field of destruction, imbuing it with the profound connotations of a killing field. In Wen Tianxiang's concrete yet figurative written art, we perceive his affection on both a personal level (as a dedicated loyal servant of his country) and in the big picture (in elevating personal spite to loyal indignation).
Relation: 34(3) pp.285 - 318
Appears in Collections:[Institute of Oceanic Culture] Periodical Articles

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