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On the Core Ideas in the Compilation Shangshu da zhuan
Shangshu da zhuan
|Issue Date: ||2018-06-06T06:45:56Z
Abstract: Fu Sheng’s 伏生contributions to the Shangshu尚書(Book of Documents) is comprised of three aspects: 1) he hid the book from the First Emperor of Qin 秦始皇in a wall, preventing it from being burned, 2) he collected twenty-nine documents from the book for teaching in Qi 齊and Lu 魯, and 3) he explicated the classical meanings of the book. By decree of Emperor Wen漢文 帝(179-157 B.C.), Fu Sheng went to the imperial court to lecture and became a master of the jinwen 今文version of the Shangshu. That’s why it is said in Chinese that “explanations of the Shangshu came from Fu Sheng.” Fu Sheng’s interpretations of the Shangshu were preserved in the compilation Shangshu da zhuan 尚書大傳(The Great Tradition of the Book of Documents), of which Chen Shouqi’s 陳壽祺(1771-1834) version of three volumes was the best, while textual research on it in Pi Xirui’s 皮錫瑞(1850-1908) seven volumes was the most precise in the Qing dynasty. In the Siku tiyao 四庫提要, the description of the compilation states, “Some discuss the Shangshu and some do not. Its meaning vacillates between complimenting and being at odds with the meaning of the classics. Explaining the annotations of ancient books has always been a custom. This book exists as a subfield of the Six Arts.” Pi Xirui thought the book “has an overall meaning; while its content does not all explain the classics, what explanations it does contain is reliable.” These two views highlight a feature of classical exegeses. This article aims to investigate the thought in this compilation from five angles: political thought, the relationship between heaven and man, cyclical history, society governed by rites, and doctrine of the four season and five elements. Finally, moral supremacy, harmony, cycle of the three rulers, hierarchical structure, and change by time are concluded to be the compilation’s core ideas.
|Relation: ||26(4) pp.1~32|
|Appears in Collections:||[海洋文化研究所] 期刊論文|
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