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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/46630

Title: Common-pool Resources, Ecotourism and Sustainable Development
Authors: Huang, Deng-Shing
Yo-Yi Huang
Contributors: 國立臺灣海洋大學:食品科學系
Keywords: Tragedy of Commons
Common-Pool Resources
Ecotourism
Sustainable Development
Date: 2017
Issue Date: 2018-05-28T03:51:29Z
Publisher: 經濟研究
Taipei Economic Inquiry
Abstract: Abstract: This paper establishes an ecotourism model to analyze the role of local residents and government in achieving sustainable development. By incorporating into the model the properties of common-pool resources to which the tourism activities are linked, we prove that ecotourism does not guarantee sustainable development for a rural area unless it is accompanied by suitable policies of reducing firm numbers and/or the levying of a tourist tax. More specifically, we find two stable equilibria: one characterized by low or even a zero level of natural resources, and the other has a high level of natural resources. In low equilibrium, the extinction or zero stock of natural resources occurs under open access of zero transport cost and marginal environmental maintenance cost. High equilibrium corresponds to greater social welfare, which can be guaranteed through policies of a tourist tax, license fee, limiting the number of firms, and restrictions on the population of potential tourists. More importantly, we prove that although high equilibrium is better than low equilibrium, it may not be socially optimal. The maximum welfare can only be achieved by a direct tax on tourists and not solely by policies controlling the number of firms.
Relation: 53(1) pp.87-128
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/46630
Appears in Collections:[應用經濟研究所] 期刊論文

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