Abstract: The application of NADPH‐sulfite reductase, produced from Escherichia coli, on mackerel surimi was investigated. The activity of this reductase was very stable. There was about 70%, 80%, and 90% activity left even after 8–wk storage at 25 °C and 12–wk storage at 4 or ‐30 °C, respectively. Increase in mackerel‐surimi gel properties containing reductase was consistent with the amounts of reactive sulfhydryl groups detected. SDS‐PAGE indicated that NADPH‐sulfite reductase could reconstitute myosin heavy‐chain and increase soluble actomyosin. From the data obtained, E. coli NADPH‐sulfite reductase effectively improved the gel properties of mackerel surimi.