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|Title: ||Cryptic diversity of Tetraclita squamosa complex (Crustacea, Cirripedia) in Asia: description of a new species from Singapore|
|Authors: ||Benny Kwok-Kan Chan|
|Issue Date: ||2018-05-14T05:50:34Z
|Publisher: ||Zoological Studies|
|Abstract: ||Abstract: Tetraclita squamosa is a common intertidal barnacle of the Indo-Pacific. Taxonomic classification of T. squamosa has been confused by its high degree of morphological variation, and it is now considered to be a species complex. Tetraclita squamosa collected from Singapore exhibits diagnostic morphological and genetic differences compared to T. squamosa from the coast of southern China and T. kuroshioensis in the
northwestern Pacific (a recently described species formerly recognized as T. squamosa). Tetraclita squamosa from Singapore has a long tergal margin in the scutum and a very straight scutal margin in the tergum when compared to T. kuroshioensis and T. squamosa from southern China. The setae on the cirri of T. squamosa from Singapore are similar to those of T. squamosa from southern China. Barnacles from Singapore and
southern China differ from T. kuroshioensis in lacking serrulate setae with 4 rows of setules on cirrus I. From a molecular analysis, T. squamosa from Singapore is differentiated from T. squamosa from southern China, and T. kuroshioensis by more than 19%, 10%, and 11% divergences in the COI, 12S rRNA, and ITS1 sequences, respectively. These values are much higher than those within each taxon (< 1.5% in the most variable COI sequence), revealing that they are genetically distinct. The clear genetic and morphological differences from both T. squamosa and T. kuroshioensis indicate that T. squamosa from Singapore represents a new species of Tetraclita. Tetraclita squamosa in the Indo-West Pacific region is a cryptic species complex with high morphological and genetic diversity. Given the relatively restricted areas investigated to the present, it is likely that more species await discovery in Southeast Asia, Australia, and the Indian Ocean.
|Relation: ||46(1) pp.46-56|
|Appears in Collections:||[海洋生物研究所] 期刊論文|
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