Abstract: Mitochondria are cellular powerhouses that produce ATP, lipids, and metabolites, as well as regulate calcium homeostasis and cell death. The unique cristae-rich double membrane ultrastructure of this organelle is elegantly arranged to carry out multiple functions by partitioning biomolecules. Mitochondrial ultrastructure is intimately linked with various functions; however, the fine details of these structure-function relationships are only beginning to be described. Here, we demonstrate the application of serial-section electron tomography to elucidate mitochondrial structure in Drosophila indirect flight muscle. Serial-section electron tomography may be adapted to study any cellular structure in three-dimensions.