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题名: Morphology of cyprid attachment organs compared across disparate barnacle taxa: Does It relate to habitat
作者: Hamad Al-Yahya;Hsi-Nien Chen;Benny K. K. Chan;Ryusuke Kado;Jens T. Høeg
贡献者: 國立臺灣海洋大學:海洋生物研究所
日期: 2016
上传时间: 2018-05-07T02:45:54Z
出版者: The Biological Bulletin
摘要: Abstract: This study used morphometric analyses to compare the structure of the third antennular segment, also called the attachment organ, in cyprid larvae from cirripede species representing a diverse set of taxonomic groups. The aim was to investigate the degree of morphological variation in view of the diversity of habitats, settlement substrata, and modes of life found in the Cirripedia. In all cyprids the third segment features a flat surface (the attachment disc) covered with small cuticular villi thought to function in adhesion. The parameters analyzed were the angle of this disc relative to the long axis of the antennule, its shape (outline), the density of cuticular villi, and the type of cuticular structure encircling the disc. The 10 species studied came from most major groups of cirripedes, and comprised shallow-water forms inhabiting hard bottoms (Capitulum mitella, Pollicipes pollicipes, Semibalanus balanoides, Austrominius modestus, Megabalanus rosa), sublittoral forms (Verruca stroemia, Scalpellum scalpellum), epibiotic forms settling on live, soft tissues (Balanus spongicola, Savignium crenatum), and a parasite (Peltogaster paguri). Significant structural variation was found among the species, but due to limited taxon sampling it was unclear whether the differences relate to ecological factors or phylogenetic affiliation. The disc perimeter is guarded by either a series of long and thin cuticular fringes overreaching the rim of the disc (= a velum) or a few low, but very broad cuticular flaps (= a skirt). The presence of a velum (in all rocky-shore species) or a skirt (all other species) around the attachment disc was the only parameter that was clearly correlated with habitat. The shape of the third antennular segment varied from a symmetrical bell shape with a distally facing attachment disc having a circular disc outline, to segments that were elongated in side view, with a very tilted ventral disc surface having an elliptical disc outline. The bell shape may be most common in forms from rocky shores, but in our test of morphometric parameters only Scalpellum scalpellum (sublittoral), Savignium crenatum (epibiotic in corals), and Peltogaster paguri (parasitic) had shapes that differed significantly from the other species. The density of villi on the attachment disc varied significantly, but also showed no clear-cut correlation with substratum or habitat. Attachment organ structure is clearly the most variable feature in cirripede cyprids. To evaluate the degree to which attachment organ structure is correlated with habitat, settlement substratum, and mode of life, future studies should employ a more refined statistical analysis on an enlarged dataset, with much increased taxon sampling and a more multifaceted definition of ecological variables.
關聯: 231(2) pp.120-129
显示于类别:[海洋生物研究所] 期刊論文


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