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|Title: ||Aqueous Synthesis of Ag and Mn Co-Doped In2S3/ZnS Quantum Dots with Tunable Emission for Dual-Modal Targeted Imaging.|
|Authors: ||Pei-Yu Lai;Chih-Ching Huang;Tzung-Han Chou;Keng-Liang Ou;Jia-Yaw Chang|
|Issue Date: ||2018-03-21T06:34:44Z
|Publisher: ||Acta Biomaterialia|
Here, we present the microwave-assisted synthesis of In2S3/ZnS core/shell quantum dots (QDs) co-doped with Ag+ and Mn2+ (referred to as AgMn:In2S3/ZnS). Ag+ altered the optical properties of the host QDs, whereas the spin magnetic moment (S = 5/2) of Mn2+ efficiently induced the longitudinal relaxation of water protons. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of the aqueous synthesis of color-tunable AgMn:In2S3/ZnS core/shell QDs with magnetic properties. The synthetic procedure is rapid, facile, reproducible, and scalable. The obtained QDs offered a satisfactory quantum yield (45%), high longitudinal relaxivity (6.84 s−1 mM−1), and robust photostability. In addition, they exhibited excellent stability over a wide pH range (5–12) and high ionic strength (0.15–2.0 M NaCl). As seen by confocal microscopy and magnetic resonance imaging, AgMn:In2S3/ZnS conjugated to hyaluronic acid (referred to as AgMn:In2S3/ZnS@HA) efficiently and specifically targeted cluster determinant 44, a receptor overexpressed on cancer cells. Moreover, AgMn:In2S3/ZnS@HA showed negligible cytotoxicity in vitro and in vivo, rendering it a promising diagnostic probe for dual-modal imaging in clinical applications.
Statement of Significance
In this manuscript, we reported a facial and rapid method to prepare In2S3/ZnS core/shell quantum dots (QDs) co-doped with Ag+ and Mn2+ (referred to as AgMn:In2S3/ZnS). Ag+ dopants were used to alter the optical properties of the In2S3 host, whereas Mn2+ co-dopants with their unpaired electrons provided paramagnetic properties. The emission wavelength of the core/shell QDs could be tuned from 550 to 743 nm with a maximum PL quantum yield of 45%. The resulting core/shell QDs also maintained a stable emission in aqueous solution at broad ranges of pH (5−12) and ionic strength (0.15–2.0 M NaCl), as well as a high photostability under continuous irradiation. In vivo cytotoxicity experiments showed that up to 500 μg/mL AgMn:In2S3/ZnS@HA did not cause obvious toxicity to zebrafish embryos. In vitro targeted cell luminescence and magnetic resonance imaging showed that AgMn:In2S3/ZnS conjugated to hyaluronic acid was selectively and efficiently internalized in CD44-expressing tumor cells, confirming that the resultant QDs could function as dual-modal imaging probes for accurate diagnosis.
|Appears in Collections:||[生命科學系] 期刊論文|
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