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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/44948

Title: Behavioral responses of the estuarine calanoid copepod Eurytemora affinis to sub-lethal concentrations of waterborne pollutants
Authors: François-Gaël Michalec;Markus Holzner;Dominique Menu;Jiang-Shiou Hwang;Sami Souissi
Contributors: 國立臺灣海洋大學:海洋生物研究所
Keywords: Copepod;Eurytemora affinis;Behavior;Pollution;Three-dimensional particle tracking
Date: 2013-08
Issue Date: 2017-12-14T06:04:19Z
Publisher: Aquatic Toxicology
Abstract: Abstract:Estuarine waters contain a variety of chemicals which affect to various extents the behavior of aquatic organisms. Little is known, however, on the behavioral response of copepods. The present study shows the results of laboratory experiments investigating the immediate effects of sub-lethal concentrations of three commonly found contaminants on the three-dimensional swimming behavior of the estuarine calanoid copepod Eurytemora affinis. Nonylphenol at 2 μg L−1, cadmium at 45 ng L−1 and a mixture of low to medium molecular weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons at 40 ng L−1 all affected the swimming behavior of E. affinis adults, increasing both swimming speed and activity. In most cases, effects were observable within 30 min of exposure and persisted or faded during a period of depuration in uncontaminated water of similar duration. In ovigerous females exposed to Cd and PAHs, effects appeared to be more pronounced during the depuration period, suggesting that carrying ovisacs may impair recovery. We quantified differences in the distribution of swimming speed values by considering the relative frequencies of periods of break, slow and fast swimming and we observed a trend toward faster movements in the presence of pollutants. The degree of trajectory complexity, estimated through their fractal dimension, was unaffected by pollutants. Since both narcotic and non-narcotic pollutants induced hyperactivity, our results suggest that changes in behavior after a short-term exposure may be independent of the general mode of action of the chemicals. The increase in speed and activity resembles an escape reaction permitting copepods to evade stressful conditions. Overall, these results indicate that environment-relevant concentrations of pollutants can induce rapid changes in copepod behavior. Since behavioral processes represent a fundamental element in the ecology of copepods, our results raise concern about the effects of background levels of pollution on a major component of the plankton community. The long-term response of copepods to waterborne pollutants, their synergistic effects and their interactions with other environmental factors need further investigation.
Relation: 138&139, pp.129-138
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/44948
Appears in Collections:[海洋生物研究所] 期刊論文

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