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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/44827

Title: Dietary analysis on the shallow-water hydrothermal vent crab Xenograpsus testudinatus using Illumina sequencing
Authors: Tsz Wai Ho;Jiang-Shiou Hwang;Man Kit Cheung;Hoi Shan Kwan;Chong Kim Wong
Contributors: 國立臺灣海洋大學:海洋生物研究所
Date: 2015-09
Issue Date: 2017-11-30T08:41:34Z
Publisher: Marine Biology
Abstract: Abstract
Environmental conditions in hydrothermal vents are considered to be unsuitable for most marine organisms due to discharge of hot and acidic water with high sulfur content. The crab Xenograpsus testudinatus is endemic to the shallow-water hydrothermal vents of Kueishan Island, Taiwan. This study aimed to provide detailed information on the composition of eukaryotes and prokaryotes in the gut and stomach of X. testudinatus by using Illumina sequencing of the 16S and 18S ribosomal RNA genes. The mangrove crab Perisesarma bidens was also studied to compare the diet and gut microbial fauna of crabs from different habitats. X. testudinatus was found to feed on a wide array of organisms including algae, fishes, bivalves, copepods, and anthozoans, whereas P. bidens was found to feed mainly on Magnoliopsida plants. Soil bacteria such as Rodobacteraceae and cyanobacteria such as Oscillatoriphycidae were present in both crabs, but Mycoplasmataceae and Helicobacteraceae were found only in X. testudinatus. Our findings suggest that both X. testudinatus and P. bidens are scavengers feeding on both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. The results facilitate understanding of the feeding ecology of X. testudinatus and provide a database for the food web dynamics of shallow-water hydrothermal vents.
Relation: 162(9), pp.1787-1798
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/44827
Appears in Collections:[海洋生物研究所] 期刊論文

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