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Title: Purification, characterization and molecular cloning of alpha-2-macroglobulin in cobia, Rachycentron canadum
Authors: Chuang, Wen-Hsiao;Ping-Chung Liu;Chia-Yu Hung;Kuo-Kau Lee
Contributors: 國立臺灣海洋大學:水產養殖學系
Keywords: Alpha-2-macroglobulin;Extracellular products;PlasmaProtease inhibitory activity;Rachycentron canadum
Date: 2014-12
Issue Date: 2017-08-28T02:42:19Z
Publisher: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Abstract: Abstract:Alpha-2-macroglobulin (α-2-M) is a broad spectrum protease inhibitor which is abundant in the plasma of vertebrates and several invertebrates. The α-2-M was purified from cobia (Rachycentron canadum) plasma by a four-step procedure: poly ethylene glycol fractionation, affinity chromatography, hydrophobic interaction chromatography and ion exchange chromatography on Fast Protein liquid chromatography system in the present study. It migrated as one protein band with a molecular mass of about 360 kDa in the native state, whereas in SDS-PAGE it was about 180 kDa under non-reducing condition. This result revealed that the native protein was a dimer. In addition, it was cleaved into two different fragments of molecular mass about 93 and 87 kDa when reduced by dithiothreitol (DTT). The anti-protease activity of the purified α-2-M was apparently decreased as temperature elevated above 50 °C. The α-2-M exhibited highest protease inhibitory activity at pH 9. The results indicate that the α-2-M is a heat-labile and alkaline protease inhibitor. The purified α-2-M exhibited more than 50% protease inhibitory activity against extracellular products (ECP) of Vibrio alginolytius isolated from diseased cobia. It seems that the protease activities in ECP may be affected by the plasma α-2-M. The protease inhibitory activities of cobia plasma or purified α-2-M were decreased when incubated with 10 mM methylamine for 30 min.
The α-2-M cDNA consisted of 4611 bp with an open reading frame of 4374 bp had been cloned from cobia liver. This sequence contained thioester domain (GCGEQ) and thirteen predicted N-linked glycosylation sites. In addition, the amino acid sequence of thioester domain and genes of adjacent regions of cobia α-2-M were further compared with sequences of known fish species in GenBank. The unweighted pair group method using arithmetic average (UPGMA) was employed to construct the phylogenetic trees of α-2-M among different fish species (freshwater fish, sea water fish and primitive fish), and all these fish species were then clustered into three groups. The cobia α-2-M was closer to that of sea water fish than that of freshwater fish compared basing on its similarity of amino acid sequence and phylogenetic analysis of the partial gene.
Relation: 41(2), pp.346-355
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/43482
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