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|Title: ||Purification, characterization and molecular cloning of alpha-2-macroglobulin in cobia, Rachycentron canadum|
|Authors: ||Chuang, Wen-Hsiao;Ping-Chung Liu;Chia-Yu Hung;Kuo-Kau Lee|
|Keywords: ||Alpha-2-macroglobulin;Extracellular products;PlasmaProtease inhibitory activity;Rachycentron canadum|
|Issue Date: ||2017-08-28T02:42:19Z
|Publisher: ||Fish & Shellfish Immunology|
|Abstract: ||Abstract:Alpha-2-macroglobulin (α-2-M) is a broad spectrum protease inhibitor which is abundant in the plasma of vertebrates and several invertebrates. The α-2-M was purified from cobia (Rachycentron canadum) plasma by a four-step procedure: poly ethylene glycol fractionation, affinity chromatography, hydrophobic interaction chromatography and ion exchange chromatography on Fast Protein liquid chromatography system in the present study. It migrated as one protein band with a molecular mass of about 360 kDa in the native state, whereas in SDS-PAGE it was about 180 kDa under non-reducing condition. This result revealed that the native protein was a dimer. In addition, it was cleaved into two different fragments of molecular mass about 93 and 87 kDa when reduced by dithiothreitol (DTT). The anti-protease activity of the purified α-2-M was apparently decreased as temperature elevated above 50 °C. The α-2-M exhibited highest protease inhibitory activity at pH 9. The results indicate that the α-2-M is a heat-labile and alkaline protease inhibitor. The purified α-2-M exhibited more than 50％ protease inhibitory activity against extracellular products (ECP) of Vibrio alginolytius isolated from diseased cobia. It seems that the protease activities in ECP may be affected by the plasma α-2-M. The protease inhibitory activities of cobia plasma or purified α-2-M were decreased when incubated with 10 mM methylamine for 30 min.
The α-2-M cDNA consisted of 4611 bp with an open reading frame of 4374 bp had been cloned from cobia liver. This sequence contained thioester domain (GCGEQ) and thirteen predicted N-linked glycosylation sites. In addition, the amino acid sequence of thioester domain and genes of adjacent regions of cobia α-2-M were further compared with sequences of known fish species in GenBank. The unweighted pair group method using arithmetic average (UPGMA) was employed to construct the phylogenetic trees of α-2-M among different fish species (freshwater fish, sea water fish and primitive fish), and all these fish species were then clustered into three groups. The cobia α-2-M was closer to that of sea water fish than that of freshwater fish compared basing on its similarity of amino acid sequence and phylogenetic analysis of the partial gene.
|Relation: ||41(2), pp.346-355|
|Appears in Collections:||[水產養殖學系] 期刊論文|
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