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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/43454

Title: Chitosan reduces plasma adipocytokines and lipid accumulation in liver and adipose tissues and ameliorates insulin resistance in diabetic rats
Authors: Yu-Lin Hsieh;Hsien-Tsung Yao;Ron-Shan Cheng;Meng-Tsan Chiang
Contributors: 國立臺灣海洋大學:水產養殖學系
Date: 2012-05
Issue Date: 2017-08-10T07:29:06Z
Publisher: Journal of Medicinal Food
Abstract: Abstract:Chitosan is a natural product derived from chitin. To investigate the hypoglycemic and anti-obesity effects of chitosan, male Sprague–Dawley rats were divided into four groups: normal control, diabetic, and diabetic fed 5% or 7% chitosan. Diabetes was induced in rats by injecting streptozotocin/nicotinamide. After 10 weeks of feeding, the elevated plasma glucose, tumor necrosis factor-α, and interleukin-6 and lower adiponetin levels caused by diabetes were effectively reversed by chitosan treatment. In addition, 7% chitosan feeding also elevated plasma glucagon-like peptide-1 levels and lowered the insulin resistance index (homeostasis model assessment) in diabetic rats. Lower adipocyte granular intensities and higher lipolysis rates in adipose tissues were noted in the 7% chitosan group. Moreover, chitosan feeding reduced hepatic triglyceride and cholesterol contents and increased hepatic peroxisomal proliferator-activated receptor α expression in diabetic rats. Our results indicate that long-term administration of chitosan may reduce insulin resistance through suppression of lipid accumulation in liver and adipose tissues and amelioration of chronic inflammation in diabetic rats.
Relation: 15(5), pp.453-460
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/43454
Appears in Collections:[水產養殖學系] 期刊論文

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