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题名: Localization of early germ cells in a stony coral, Euphyllia ancora: potential implications for a germline stem cell system in coral gametogenesis
作者: Shinya Shikina;Yi-Jou Chung;Hsiang-Ming Wang;Yi-Ling Chiu;Zih-Fang Shao;Yan-Horn Lee;Ching-Fong Chang
贡献者: 國立臺灣海洋大學:水產養殖學系
关键词: Euphyllia ancora;Coral;piwi;Germ cell;Germline stem cells;Gametogenesis;Communicated by Biology Editor Dr. Simon Davy
日期: 2015-06
上传时间: 2017-08-07T05:51:09Z
出版者: Coral Reefs
摘要: Abstract:Most corals exhibit annual or multiple gametogenic cycles. Thus far, coral gametogenesis has been studied in many species and locations during the past three decades; however, currently, only a few papers exist that describe the origin of germ cells, such as germline stem cells (GSCs), which support the continuous production of gametes in every reproductive cycle. To address this issue, in this study, we focused on and identified piwi gene, which has been used as a marker of germline cells, including GSCs, in various metazoans, in a scleractinian coral, Euphyllia ancora. Reverse-transcription PCR and Western blotting analyses revealed that E. ancorapiwi-like (Eapiwi) is expressed in mesentery tissues where the sites of gametogenesis are located for both sexes. Immunohistochemistry with a specific antibody against Eapiwi revealed strong immunoreactivity in the spermatogonia in males and in the oogonia and early oocytes in females, demonstrating that Eapiwi could be used as an early germ cell marker in E. ancora. Subsequent immunohistochemical analyses regarding the spatial and temporal distribution patterns of early germ cells in mesentery tissues revealed that early germ cells were present throughout the year in the mesentery tissue we examined, regardless of the sexual reproductive cycle. In particular, small numbers of early germ cells were observed in specific sites of mesentery tissues with fully matured gonads in both sexes. These early germ cells were not released together with mature gametes during the spawning period and remained in the mesentery tissues. These results suggested that these early germ cells most likely serve as a reservoir of germline cells and that some of these cells would produce differentiated germ cells for the upcoming sexual reproduction period; hence, these cells would function as GSCs. Our data provide new information for understanding continuous gamete production in corals.
關聯: 34(2), pp.639-653
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/43423
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