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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/43390

Title: Inhibition of yeast (1,3)- β-glucan synthase by phospholipase A2 and its reaction products
Authors: Ko, Y.T.;Frost, D.J.;Ho, C. -T.;Ludescher, R.D.;Wasserman, B.P.
Contributors: 國立臺灣海洋大學:食品科學系
Keywords: (1,3)-β-Glucan synthase;Phospholipase A2;Fluorescence anisotropy;Antffungal compound;Fatty acids;Membrane perturbation
Date: 1994-07-13
Issue Date: 2017-07-25T06:36:21Z
Publisher: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes
Abstract: Abstract:Fungal (1,3)-β-glucan synthases are sensitive to a wide range of lipophilic inhibitors and it has been proposed that enzyme activity is highly sensitive to perturbations of the membrane environment. Yeast membranes were exposed to phospholipases and various lipophilic compounds, and the resultant effects on glucan synthase activity were ascertained. Glucan synthase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae was rapidly inactivated by phospholipase A2 (PLA2), and to a lesser extent by phospholipase C. Inactivation was time and dose-dependent and was protected against by EDTA and fatty-acid binding proteins (bovine and human serum albumins). Albumins also partially protected against inhibition by papulacandin B. PLA2 reaction products were structurally characterized and it was shown that fatty acids and lysophospholipids were the inhibitory moieties, with no novel inhibitory compounds apparent. Glucan synthase was inhibited by a range of fatty acids, monoglycerides and lysophospholipids. Inhibition by fatty acids was non-competitive, and progressive binding of [14C]oleic acid correlated with activity loss. Fluorescence anisotropy studies using diphenylhexatriene (DPH) confirm that fatty acids increase membrane fluidity. These results are consistent with proposais suggesting that glucan synthase inhibition is due in part to non-specific detergent-like disruption of the membrane environment, in addition to direct interactions of lipophilic inhibitors with specific target sites on the enzyme complex.
Relation: 1193(1), pp.31-40
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/43390
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