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Title: Convective drying analysis of three-dimensional porous solid by mass lumping finite element technique
Authors: K. Murugesan;D. C. Lo;D. L. Young;C. W. Chen;C. M. Fan
Contributors: 國立臺灣海洋大學:河海工程學系
Date: 2008-02
Issue Date: 2017-05-19T06:00:48Z
Publisher: Heat and Mass Transfer
Abstract: Abstract:A numerical analysis of convective drying of a 3D porous solid of brick material is carried out using the finite element method and mass lumping technique. The energy equation and moisture transport equations for the porous solid are derived based on continuum approach following Whitaker’s theory of drying. The governing equations are solved using the Galerkin’s weighted residual method, which convert the governing equations into discretized form of matrix equations. The resulting capacitance matrices are made diagonal matrices by following the classical row-sum mass lumping technique. Hence with the use of the Eulerian time marching scheme, the final equations are reduced to simple algebraic equations, which can be solved directly without using an equation solver. The proposed numerical scheme is initially validated with experimental results for 1D drying problem and then tested by application to convective drying of 3D porous solid of brick material for four different aspect ratios obtained by varying the cross section of the solid. The mass lumping technique could correctly predict the wet bulb temperature of the solid under evaporative drying conditions. A parametric study carried out for three different values of convective heat transfer coefficients, 15, 30 and 45 W/m2 K shows an increased drying rate with increase in area of cross section and convective heat transfer coefficient. The proposed numerical scheme could correctly predict the drying behavior shown in the form of temperature and moisture evolutions.
Relation: 44(4), pp.401-412
Appears in Collections:[Department of Harbor and River Engineering] Periodical Articles

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