Abstract:In this paper, the boundary detection problem, which is governed by the Laplace equation, is analyzed by the modified collocation Trefftz method (MCTM) and the exponentially convergent scalar homotopy algorithm (ECSHA). In the boundary detection problem, the Cauchy data is given on part of the boundary and the Dirichlet boundary condition on the other part of the boundary, whose spatial position is unknown a priori. By adopting the MCTM, which is meshless and integral-free, the numerical solution is expressed by a linear combination of the T-complete functions of the Laplace equation. The use of a characteristic length in MCTM can stabilize the numerical procedure and ensure highly accurate solutions. Since the coefficients of MCTM and the position of part of the boundary are unknown, to collocate the boundary conditions will yield a system of nonlinear algebraic equations; the ECSHA, which is exponentially convergent, is adopted to solve the system of nonlinear algebraic equations. Several numerical examples are provided to demonstrate the ability and accuracy of the proposed meshless scheme. In addition, the consistency of the proposed scheme is validated by adding noise into the boundary conditions.