Abstract:In this article, the solutions for the Helmholtz equation for forward problems with high wave number and ill-posed inverse problems using the multiple scales Trefftz collocation method are investigated. The resulting linear algebraic systems for these problems are ill-posed and therefore require special treatments. The equilibrated matrix concept is adopted to determine the scales and to construct an equivalent linear algebraic problem with a leading matrix less ill-posed such that standard solver like the conjugate gradient method (CGM) can be adopted. Five examples, including two forward problems with the high wave number and three inverse Cauchy problems, are given to show the validity for the approach. Results show that the equilibrated matrix concept can yield a less ill-posed leading matrix such that the conventional linear algebraic solver like CGM can be successfully adopted. This approach has a very good noise resistance.