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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/41062

Title: The Kuroshio Edge Exchange Processes (KEEP) – an introduction to hypotheses and highlights
Authors: Fuh-Kwo Shiah
George T.F. Wong
Shenn-Yu Chao
Yuan-Hui Li
Contributors: 國立臺灣海洋大學:海洋環境化學與生態研究所
Keywords: Kuroshio
East China Sea
Upwelling
Nutrient
Date: 2000-03
Issue Date: 2017-02-08T03:38:06Z
Publisher: Continental Shelf Research
Abstract: Abstract: The Kuroshio edge exchange processes (KEEP) study is a multidisciplinary study on the internal cycling of material, especially carbon, within the East China Sea Shelf and the exchange of material between this Shelf and its adjoining Kuroshio. The project has been ongoing since 1989. The East China Sea Shelf is a net sink of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Rich supplies of nutrients, mostly from the upwelling of the Kuroshio Subsurface Water and, to a lesser extent, from the riverine discharges, notably from the Changjiang, sustain a high primary production (550 mg C m−2 d−1) on the Shelf and help the draw down of carbon dioxide. The sum of the demands for organic carbon for sustaining the observed bacterial production in the water column and the rate of sulfate reduction in the sediments of this Shelf appears to exceed its primary production. This suggests that a large fraction of the photosynthetically fixed carbon is recycled effectively within the Shelf. However, a comprehensive and definitive carbon budget for the Shelf cannot yet be constructed. Organic particles that survive oxidation within the Shelf and reach the Okinawa Trough are deposited in a belt along the upper northwestern slope of the Trough. A particle-rich mid-depth layer and the very high fluxes of sinking particles off the shelf break northeast of Taiwan suggest active cross shelf transport of particles from the Shelf to the Okinawa Trough. The cyclonic eddy at the shelf edge northeast of Taiwan is an important pathway for the exchange of dissolved and particulate materials between the Shelf and the Kuroshio. Nitrogen fixation may be a significant contributor of combined nitrogen to the oligotrophic Kuroshio Surface Water and the Taiwan Strait Warm Water so that it may support up to 25% of the new production in the Kuroshio Surface Water.
Relation: 20(4-5)
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/41062
Appears in Collections:[海洋環境與生態研究所] 期刊論文

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