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Title: East Asian winter monsoon controlling phytoplankton productivity and community structure changes in the southeastern South China Sea over the last 185 kyr
Authors: Dawei Li
Meixun Zhao
Min-Te Chen
Contributors: 國立臺灣海洋大學:應用地球科學研究所
Keywords: East Asian winter monsoon
South China Sea
Phytoplankton productivity
Community structure
Date: 2014-09
Issue Date: 2017-01-19T03:50:19Z
Publisher: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
Abstract: Abstract: The South China Sea (SCS) is one of the largest marginal seas in the world and it plays an important role in regional climate change and carbon cycles. However, mechanisms of glacial–interglacial phytoplankton productivity changes remain under-studied, especially for the southeastern SCS. In this study, the productivity record for the southeastern SCS (core MD972142) over the last 185 kyr was generated using multiple biomarkers, including C37 alkenones (C37:2 + C37:3), brassicasterol, dinosterol, and alkyl diols (C30 + C32) as productivity proxies for haptophytes, diatoms, dinoflagellates, and eustigmatophytes (and diatoms), respectively. All biomarker contents indicate higher individual as well as total phytoplankton productivities during peak glacials than during interglacials. Our records afford a better constraint on spatial pattern of glacial productivity changes, which suggest that both the southeastern and northern SCS glacial productivity increases were controlled by the stronger East Asian winter monsoon (EAWM), which brought more nutrients to the surface through stronger mixing of nutrient-rich deep waters. Biomarker ratios reveal a relatively stable phytoplankton community structure (PCS), but relative diatom productivity was higher during glacials. The PCS record is consistent with stronger EAWM forcing during glacials, which supplied nutrients to the surface with relatively stable composition. The decrease of C37 alkenones during the last 120 kyr is likely a global phenomenon, which could be related to the evolution of the haptophytes. In the SCS, this trend was also likely caused by changes of subsurface nutrient supply to the SCS, which significantly modulated the PCS by a gradual decrease of haptophyte contribution to total phytoplankton in the northern and southeastern SCS since MIS 5.
Relation: 414
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/40482
Appears in Collections:[應用地球科學研究所] 期刊論文

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