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Title: Discuss the suitable proxies of chemical weathering in sediments by comparing the dissolution rates of minerals in different rocks
Authors: Fang-Lin Lo;Huei-Fen Chen;Jiann-Neng Fang
Contributors: 國立臺灣海洋大學:應用地球科學研究所
Date: 2016-12
Issue Date: 2017-01-18T05:44:57Z
Publisher:  The Journal of Geology
Abstract: Abstract: In studies of paleoclimate change, variations in major and minor elements are often used as proxies for chemical weathering in soil or lake sediments. To prove the suitability of chemical weathering proxies and further discuss the impact of mineral dissolution on element migrations, various parent rocks in Taiwan were chosen to react with sulfuric acid for discussing mineral dissolution rankings and element leaching during chemical weathering processes. The parent rocks include granite, andesite, actinolite schist, slate, quartz sandstone, calcium sandstone, and mudstone. Experimental results show that dissolution rates are mainly controlled by mineral structures and the chemical compositions of rocks. The ranking of rock dissolution rates is as follows: mudstone > slate > actinolite schist > quartz sandstone > granite. Dissolution rates of andesite and calcium sandstone cannot be compared due to secondary minerals being produced in experiments. Moreover, the dissolution sequences of minerals are of the following order: calcite > chlorite > muscovite and illite > augite > hornblende ≈ feldspar > quartz. This result is consistent with the stability of silicate polymerization. Most notable among the results was that the dissolution rates of clay minerals were faster than those of feldspar. Element migration ranking in dissolution processes is as follows: Mg > Ca ≈ Rb > K > Na > Sr > Al > Zr > Fe ≈ Ti. The dissolution rates of univalent elements follow the sequence of bonding forces; however, those of divalent elements are less ordered. This is due to divalent elements being rich in different mineral phases. Therefore, the study suggests that univalent elements are more suitable as chemical weathering proxy candidates. Moreover, whether ratios of Rb/Sr and K/Rb or chemical index of alteration values in sediments are suitable proxies of paleorainfall intensity is discussed in detail.
Relation: 125(1)
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/40393
Appears in Collections:[應用地球科學研究所] 期刊論文

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