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题名: Environmental and spatial effects on the distribution of blue marlin (Makaira nigricans) as inferred from data for longline fisheries in the Pacific Ocean
贡献者: 國立臺灣海洋大學:環境生物與漁業科學學系
关键词: blue marlin;distribution;environmentaland spatial effects;generalized additive model
日期: 2008-11
上传时间: 2017-01-13T06:19:33Z
出版者: Fisheries Oceanography
摘要: Abstract:Blue marlin is distributed throughout tropical and temperate waters in the Pacific Ocean. However, the preference of this species for particular habitats may impact its vulnerability to being caught. The relationship between spatio-temporal patterns of blue marlin abundance and environmental factors is examined using generalized additive models fitted to catch and effort data from longline fisheries. The presence of blue marlin, and the catch rate given presence, are modeled separately. Latitude, longitude, and sea-surface temperature explain the greatest proportion of the deviance. Spatial distributions of relative density of blue marlin, based on combining the probability of presence and relative density given presence, indicate that there is seasonal variation in the distribution of blue marlin, and that the highest densities occur in the tropics. Seasonal patterns in the relative density of blue marlin appear to be related to shifts in SST. The distribution and relative abundance of blue marlin are sufficiently heterogeneous in space and time that the results of analyses of catch and effort data to identify ‘hotspots’ could be used as the basis for time-area management to reduce the amount of blue marlin bycaught in longline fisheries.
關聯: 17(6), pp.432-445
显示于类别:[環境生物與漁業科學學系] 期刊論文


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