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Title: Dissolved organic nitrogen in wet deposition in a coastal city (Keelung) of the southern East China Sea: Origin, molecular composition and flux
Authors: Cheng-Ting Lin
You-Xin Chen
Hung-Yu Chen
Wei Wang
Jun-Xian Yeh
Wen-Chen Chou
Gwo-Ching Gong
Fu-Jung Tsai
Shih-Jen Huang
Contributors: 國立臺灣海洋大學:海洋環境資訊學系
Keywords: Nitrogen flux
Wet deposition
Dissolved organic nitrogen
Low molecular weight-DON
High molecular weight-DON
Date: 2015-07
Issue Date: 2017-01-12T03:18:28Z
Publisher: Atmospheric Environment
Abstract: Abstract: In this study, we collected and analyzed rainwater samples from Keelung, Taiwan, which is a coastal city located south of the East China Sea (ECS). From January 2012 until June 2013, 78 rainwater samples were collected over an 18-month period and were analyzed to examine the total dissolved nitrogen (TDN) and major ions in the rainwater. TDN can be divided into dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) and dissolved organic nitrogen (DON). This study, which focused on the composition of DON, is the first study to employ ultrafiltration to separate DON in wet deposition into low molecular weight-DON (LMW-DON) and high molecular weight-DON (HMW-DON). The concentrations of dissolved nitrogen species observed in the research area between November 2012 and April 2013 were relatively high, whereas those observed between May 2013 and October 2012 were relatively low. The patterns of changes over time were similar to those of non-sea-salt (nss) ions. The concentration of nss-ions was high during months in which the total dissolved nitrogen concentration was also high, which occur frequently during the spring and winter. In addition, the concentration of nss-ions was low during months in which the TDN concentration was low, which primarily occurs during the summer. The amounts of DIN and DON accounted for 63 ± 5% and 37 ± 5% of the TDN, respectively, and the percentage of the DIN was higher during the spring and winter. The concentrations of LMW-DON and HMW-DON, which accounted for 84 ± 3% and 16 ± 3% of the DON, respectively, were both high in the winter and low in the summer. The percentage of LMW-DON increased in the summer, possibly because of the numerous oceanic air masses and typhoons. Furthermore, the percentage of HMW-DON increased in the spring, potentially due to biomass burning during agricultural activities. Regarding the wet deposition fluxes, the DIN (197 ± 10.27 mmol m−2 yr−1) and DON (129 ± 6.82 mmol m−2 yr−1) accounted for approximately 64% and 36% of the TDN, respectively, and the LMW-DON (108 ± 5.97 mmol m−2 yr−1) and HMW-DON (19 ± 1.02 mmol m−2 yr−1) accounted for 85% and 15% of the DON, respectively. The wet deposition flux of the nitrogen species observed in the research area was 332 ± 16.0 mmol m−2 yr−1, and the total flux (dry and wet deposition) was approximately 393.4 ± 25.2 mmol m−2 yr−1 (5508 ± 353 mg N m−2 yr−1).
Relation: 112
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/40016
Appears in Collections:[海洋環境資訊系] 期刊論文

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