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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/39993

Title: Response of Vietnam coastal upwelling to the 1997–1998 ENSO event observed by multisensor data
Authors: Nan-Jung Kuo
Quanan Zheng
Chung-Ru Ho
Contributors: 國立臺灣海洋大學:海洋環境資訊學系
Keywords: EOF analysis
South China Sea
Coastal upwelling
Sea surface temperature
Sea level variation
Date: 2004-01
Issue Date: 2017-01-11T08:09:17Z
Publisher: Remote Sensing of Environment
Abstract: Abstract: In this paper, we examine the behavior of the Vietnam coastal upwelling during the 1997–1998 El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) event. The baseline is 4 years of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) satellite Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) sea surface temperature (SST) data taken from 1997 to 2000. Comparison of upwelling images to simultaneous ERS-2 (European Remote Sensing Satellite) wind fields indicates that the summer monsoon winds constitute a major generation forcing. During the 1997 El Niño, the monsoon winds enhanced the upwelling and induced the upwelling center to move southward. During the 1998 La Niña, the monsoon winds weakened the upwelling. In contrast with the tropical Pacific, in the study area, La Niña implies a warm event and El Niño a cold event. We use empirical orthogonal function (EOF) methods to analyze the spatial and temporal variance of the upwelling. The three principal modes account for 37%, 15%, and 8% of the total variance, respectively. The first EOF modes reveal that the SST variance in the north and south subregions underwent a positive–negative sign switch in summer 1997. The second EOF modes represent the monthly evolution in normal years. The third modes seem to be sensitive to the 1998 La Niña event. Simultaneous TOPEX/POSEIDON and ERS-2 altimeter data provide further evidence for our analysis. Comparison with California coastal upwelling and mid-Atlantic Bight (MAB) coastal upwelling indicates that the Vietnam coastal upwelling is the most intensive one.
Relation: 89(1)
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/39993
Appears in Collections:[海洋環境資訊系] 期刊論文

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