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Title: Age and growth of Black marlin (Istiompax indica) off eastern Taiwan
Authors: Chi-Lu Sun;Su-Zan Yeh;Chien-Shan Liu;Nan-Jay Su;Wei-Chuan Chiang
Contributors: 國立臺灣海洋大學:環境生物與漁業科學學系
Keywords: Age and growth;Dorsal spine;Istiophorid billfish;Sexual dimorphism
Date: 2015-06
Issue Date: 2017-01-10T01:09:27Z
Publisher: Fisheries Research
Abstract: Abstract:The age and growth characteristics of black marlin (Istiompax indica) off eastern Taiwan were studied using growth rings on cross sections of the third dorsal spine. Length and weight data, and first dorsal fins were collected monthly at Shinkang fish market in southeastern Taiwan from July 2004 to April 2006. In total, 923 dorsal fins were collected, of which 874 (95%) (187 males and 687 females) were aged successfully. Trends in monthly mean marginal increment ratios indicated that growth rings formed once a year. Two methods were used to back-calculate lengths of presumed ages, and growth was described using the standard and generalized von Bertalanffy growth functions. The most parsimonious description of growth assumed that length-at-age followed the standard von Bertalanffy function and that the relationship between spine radius and lower jaw fork length (LFJL) followed a power function. Growth differed between males and females. The growth parameters estimated for males were asymptotic length (L∞) = 305.8 cm LJFL, growth coefficient (k) = 0.125 yr−1, age at zero length (t0) = −2.27 yr, and those for females were L∞ = 396.6 cm LJFL, k = 0.094 yr−1, t0 = −1.83 yr. Males were larger than females in the first four years of life, while females attained larger sizes by age 5 and lived much longer than males and consequently grew much larger. The maximum age observed in this study was 11 years for females and 5 years for males. The life span difference between males and females was most likely caused by sex-specific mortality (or differential longevity).
Relation: 166, pp.4-11
Appears in Collections:[Department of Environmental Biology and Fisheries Science] Periodical Articles

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