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Title: Novel recombinant hemoglobin, rHb (bN108Q), with low oxygen affinity, high cooperativity, and stability against autoxidation
Authors: Ching-Hsuan Tsai;Tsuei-Yun Fang;Nancy T. Ho;Chien Ho
Contributors: 國立臺灣海洋大學:食品科學系
Date: 2000-11
Issue Date: 2016-12-05T08:02:36Z
Publisher: Biochemistry
Abstract: Abstract: Using our Escherichia coli expression system, we have constructed rHb (beta N108Q), a new recombinant hemoglobin (rHb), with the amino acid substitution located in the alpha(1)beta(1) subunit interface and in the central cavity of the Hb molecule. rHb (beta N108Q) exhibits low oxygen affinity, high cooperativity, enhanced Bohr effect, and slower rate of autoxidation of the heme iron atoms from the Fe(2+) to the Fe(3+) state than other low-oxygen-affinity rHbs developed in our laboratory, e.g., rHb (alpha V96W) and rHb (alpha V96W, beta N108K). It has been reported by Olson and co-workers [Carver et al. (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267, 14443-14450; Brantley et al. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 6995-7010] that the substitution of phenylalanine for leucine at position 29 of myoglobin can inhibit autoxidation in myoglobin and at position 29 of the alpha-chain of hemoglobin can lower NO reaction in both the deoxy and the oxy forms of human normal adult hemoglobin. Hence, we have further introduced this mutation, alpha L29F, into beta N108Q. rHb (alpha L29F, beta N108Q) is stabilized against auto- and NO-induced oxidation as compared to rHb (beta N108Q), but exhibits lower oxygen affinity at pH below 7.4 and good cooperativity as compared to Hb A. Proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) studies show that rHb (beta N108Q) has similar tertiary structure around the heme pockets and quaternary structure in the alpha(1)beta(1) and alpha(1)beta(2) subunit interfaces as compared to those of Hb A. The tertiary structure of rHb (alpha L29F, beta N108Q) as measured by (1)H NMR, especially the alpha-chain heme pocket region (both proximal and distal histidyl residues), is different from that of CO- and deoxy-Hb A, due to the amino acid substitution at alpha L29F. (1)H NMR studies also demonstrate that rHb (beta N108Q) can switch from the R quaternary structure to the T quaternary structure without changing ligation state upon adding an allosteric effector, inositol hexaphosphate, and reducing the temperature. On the basis of its low oxygen affinity, high cooperativity, and stability against autoxidation, rHb (beta N108Q) is considered a potential candidate for the Hb-based oxygen carrier in a blood substitute system.
Relation: 39(45)
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/39339
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