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Title: Identification of cell wall antigens associated with a large conjugative plasmid encoding phage resistance and lactose fermentation ability in lactic streptococci
Authors: Gary M Dunny
Debra A. Krug
Chorng-Liang Pan
Richard A. Ledford
Contributors: 國立臺灣海洋大學:食品科學系
Keywords: immunoblotting
lactic streptococci
bacteriophage resistance
conjugate plasmids
cell-surface antigens
Date: 1988-03
Issue Date: 2016-11-30T03:19:26Z
Publisher: Biochimie
Abstract: Abstract: In order to begin to analyze the gene products encoded by phage resistance plasmids in lactic streptococci, we identified phage-resistance plasmids by screening resistant strains from commercial starter cultures for the ability to carry out unselected cotransfer, by conjugation, of phage resistance with lactose fermentation ability (lac+). In this fashion, we identified a large (90 kilobases) plasmid, pCLP51R, that encodes the lac+ marker, resistance to a lytic phage called LP10G (1pr−), high-frequency conjugal donor ability (hft+), and clumpy growth of host bacteria in broth culture (clu+). The mechanism of resistance conferred by this plasmid appears to involved interference with a step in the phage replication cycle that occurs after the initial attachment of the phage. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of cell surface extracts of isogenic strains, carrying or lacking pCLP51R, combined with immunoblotting analysis, showed that there were several plasmid-related differences in the banding pattern of low molecular weight proteins and that the plasmid resulted in production of several unique antigenic polypeptides in the size range of 15–30 kd, as well as modification of chromosomally encoded antigens to different molecular weight forms.
Relation: 70(3)
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/39250
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