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The Origin And Development Of Mid-Summer Ghost Festival In Keelung
Mid-Summer Ghost Festival;Ullambana;surname rotational system;clan organization;political and business group
|Issue Date: ||2016-11-11T05:47:03Z
Abstract:As one of the twelve major folk festivals in Taiwan, Mid-Summer Ghost Festival in Keelung is rich in local flavor and traditional culture. But the researches for this event are very limited, and relevant works mainly focus on the observation and explanation of it. This article, through the study of the origins, heritage and propagation to Taiwan, and local status and development of Keelung, articulates this long lasting festival. Although adopted Daoism name Mid-Summer Ghost Festival with the combination of rituals of both Daoism and Buddhism, it is actually based on Chinese worshiping of ancestors and fierce ghosts; even include ideology of Chinese Yin-Yang and the Five Elements of natural phenomena. In the meantime, ever from Tang and Song dynasties Mid-Summer Ghost Festival in China migrated to the direction of folkway and festival. The Mid Summer Ghost Festival heritage propagated to Taiwan also followed this characteristic, and had become increasingly luxurious form the reigns of Emperor Chiaching and Emperor Daoguang in Ching Dynasty; this trend continued even under foreign rule during Japanese colonization. With its unique geographical location and difficulty in settlement and development, Keelung places very highly on worshiping activities of the Mid-Summer Ghost Festival. And the fight between Chang sub-prefecture and Chuang sub-prefecture resulted in the surname rotational system, a key rational to keep this event rolling for more than one and half century. In addition to clan organizations, the setting of ‘four major pillars’ practice in the beginning stage of Mid-Summer Ghost Festival in Keelung drew political and business groups’ support for this event, therefore, this was also key to this event. In general, the present scale and development of Mid-Summer Ghost Festival in Keelung is not only an continuation and heritage of the of Chinese culture, but also a important proof that Sino folk festivals transmitted overseas to foreign territories through Chinese immigrants.
|Relation: ||5, pp.85-116|
|Appears in Collections:||[海洋文化研究所] 期刊論文|
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