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Marine education;Curriculum guideline;Primary and secondary schools
|Issue Date: ||2016-11-04T08:02:39Z
Abstract:This paper aims to review the rationale and goals of the curriculum guideline for marine education in primary and secondary schools, which was issued by the Ministry of Education on May 28, 2008. Three major problems of the guideline are identified: Firstly, the perspective of "learning subject" is missing in the rationale, and its purposes are not clear-cut. Therefore, the curriculum guideline seems to lose its direction. Secondly, the learning competency in relevant stages lacks the support of a theory of psychological development, so it is hard to justify the developmental purpose which is indicated in each stage. We argue that the competency set in every stage does not fit into the educational process at teaching site. Thirdly, it mistakably regards "the connotations of marine" as "the connotations of marine education." It could mislead the main theme of marine education. Moreover, there are overlaps between the connotations of theme axles. Competency indicators are not well categorized. In view of these problems, this paper revises the guideline to promote a sustainable marine education in primary and secondary schools.
|Relation: ||92, pp.91-114|
|Appears in Collections:||[教育研究所] 期刊論文|
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