English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Items with full text/Total items : 26988/38789
Visitors : 2344857      Online Users : 34
RC Version 4.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Adv. Search

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/38518

Title: Colorimetric Detection of DNA by Modulation of Thrombin Activity on Gold Nanoparticles
Authors: Jian JW;Huang CC.
Contributors: 國立臺灣海洋大學:生命科學暨生物科技學系
Date: 2011
Issue Date: 2016-09-08T06:32:59Z
Publisher: Chemistry.
Abstract: Abstract: A colorimetric, non-cross-linking aggregation-based gold-nanoparticle (AuNP) probe has been developed for the detection of DNA and the analysis of single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP). The probe acts by modulating the enzyme activity of thrombin relative to fibrinogen. A thrombin-binding aptamer with a 29-base-long oligonucleotide (TBA(29)) assembled on the nanoparticles (TBA(29)-AuNPs) through sandwich DNA hybridization was found to possess ultra-high anticoagulant potency. The enzyme inhibition of thrombin was determined by thrombin-induced aggregation of fibrinogen-functionalized 56 nm AuNPs (Fib-AuNPs). The potency of the inhibition of TBA(29)-AuNPs relative to thrombin--and thus the degree of aggregation of the Fib-AuNPs--is highly dependent on the concentration of perfectly matched DNA (DNA(pm)). Under optimal conditions [Tris-HCl (20 mM, pH 7.4), KCl (5 mM), MgCl(2) (1 mM), CaCl(2) (1 mM), NaCl (150 mM), thrombin (10 pM), and TBA(29)-AuNPs (20 pM)], the new TBA(29)-AuNP/Fib-AuNP probe shows linear sensitivity to DNA(pm) in the concentration range 20-500 pM with a correlation coefficient of 0.96. The limit of detection for DNA(pm) was experimentally determined to be 12 pM, based on a signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) of 3. The new probe was successfully applied to the analysis of an SNP that is responsible for sickle cell anemia. Relative to conventional molecular-beacon-based probes, the new probe offers the advantages of higher sensitivity and selectivity towards DNA and lower cost, showing its great potential for practical studies of SNPs.
Relation: 17(8)
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/38518
Appears in Collections:[生命科學系] 期刊論文

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat

All items in NTOUR are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


著作權政策宣告: 本網站之內容為國立臺灣海洋大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,請合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。
網站維護: 海大圖資處 圖書系統組
DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback