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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/38506

Title: Detection and removal of mercury and lead ions by using gold nanoparticle-based gel membrane
Authors: Yen-Fei Lee;Fan-Hua Nan;Min-Jane Chen;Hao-Yang Wu
Chih-Wei Ho
Yi-You Chen
Chih-Ching Huang
Date: 2012
Issue Date: 2016-09-08T02:12:35Z
Publisher: Anal. Methods
Abstract: Abstract: This paper describes the use of two types of bovine serum albumin (BSA)-capped 14.2 nm diameter gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) for the separate detection of mercury (Hg2+) and lead (Pb2+) ions in highly saline media. The BSA-capped Au NPs were stable in solutions containing up to 500 mM NaCl. Introduction of BSA to a solution of rhodamine 6G (R6G) and 3-mercaptopropionic acid (MPA)-modified Au NPs (R6G/MPA–Au NPs) provided a R6G/MPA–Au NP@BSA probe for the sensing of Hg2+ ions. We also used BSA-capped Au NPs to detect Pb2+ ions through a mechanism based on Pb2+ ions accelerating the leaching rate of Au NPs in the presence of thiosulfate (S2O32−) and 2-mercaptoethanol (2-ME). The resulting deposition of Hg2+ ions onto the Au NPs induced the release of R6G from the surfaces of the Au NPs, causing increased fluorescence from the R6G/MPA–Au NP@BSA solution. The Pb2+ ions accelerated the dissolution of the 2-ME/S2O32−–Au NPs@BSA into solution, leading to dramatic decreases in the absorption. These two Au NP-based probes were highly sensitive (LOD ≈ nM) and selective (over 100-fold against other metal ions) toward Hg2+ or Pb2+ ions. We validated the practicality of these two probes through analyses of seawater and urine samples. We also developed a simple gel-based membrane for removal and sensing of Hg2+ or Pb2+ in aqueous solutions. The agarose gel was used to trap BSA-Au NPs, leading to the preparation of a nanocomposite film of Au NPs@BSA-decorated agarose gel membrane (Au NPs@BSA/AGM) for removing Hg2+ or Pb2+ in solution. In addition, R6G/MPA–Au NP@BSA-trapped agarose gel membrane (R6G/MPA–Au NP@BSA/AGM) and 2-ME/S2O32−–Au NPs@BSA/AGM allowed for the rapid and simple detection of Hg2+ and Pb2+, respectively.
Relation: Anal. Methods,
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/38506
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