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|Title: ||Galectin-1 promotes lung cancer progression and chemoresistance by upregulating p38 MAPK, ERK, and cyclooxygenase-2|
|Authors: ||Ling-Yen Chung|
|Issue Date: ||2016-09-01T05:51:52Z
|Publisher: ||Clinical Cancer Reaserch|
Purpose: This study is aimed at investigating the role and novel molecular mechanisms of galectin-1 in lung cancer progression.
Experimental Design: The role of galectin-1 in lung cancer progression was evaluated both in vitro and in vivo by short hairpin RNA (shRNA)-mediated knockdown of galectin-1 in lung adenocarcinoma cell lines. To explore novel molecular mechanisms underlying galectin-1–mediated tumor progression, we analyzed gene expression profiles and signaling pathways using reverse transcription PCR and Western blotting. A tissue microarray containing samples from patients with lung cancer was used to examine the expression of galectin-1 in lung cancer.
Results: We found overexpression of galectin-1 in non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines. Suppression of endogenous galectin-1 in lung adenocarcinoma resulted in reduction of the cell migration, invasion, and anchorage-independent growth in vitro and tumor growth in mice. In particular, COX-2 was downregulated in galectin-1–knockdown cells. The decreased tumor invasion and anchorage-independent growth abilities were rescued after reexpression of COX-2 in galectin-1–knockdown cells. Furthermore, we found that TGF-β1 promoted COX-2 expression through galectin-1 interaction with Ras and subsequent activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), extracellular signal–regulated kinase (ERK), and NF-κB pathway. Galectin-1 knockdown sensitized lung cancer cells to platinum-based chemotherapy (cisplatin). In addition, galectin-1 and COX-2 expression was correlated with the progression of lung adenocarcinoma, and high clinical relevance of both proteins was evidenced (n = 47).
Conclusions: p38 MAPK, ERK, and COX-2 activation are novel mediators for the galectin-1–promoted tumor progression and chemoresistance in lung cancer. Galectin-1 may be an innovative target for combined modality therapy for lung cancer.
|Appears in Collections:||[生命科學系] 期刊論文|
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