Abstract: The sodA gene coding for manganese superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD) from the marine microorganism Vibrio parahaemolyticus was cloned, sequenced, and overexpressed in Escherichia coli by use of the pET20b (+) expression vector. The full-length gene consisted of a 588-bp open reading frame and encoded a polypeptide of 196 amino acid residues, with a calculated molecular mass of 21 713 Da. The recombinant enzyme was efficiently purified from crude E. coli cell lysate by metal ion affinity chromatography. The recombinant VPMn-SOD resisted thermo-denaturation up to 60 °C and was insensitive to such inhibitors as EDTA, NaN3 and diethyldithiocarbamic acid. The specificity of V. parahaemolyticus Mn-SOD gene probe was analyzed by cross-species polymerase chain reaction to provide information for Vibrio strain identification.