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题名: Effects of dopamine on the immunity of white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei
作者: Winton Cheng
Hung-Tien Chieu
Chiung-Hui Tsai
Jiann-Chu Chen
贡献者: 國立臺灣海洋大學:水產養殖學系
关键词: Litopenaeus vannamei
Dopamine
Total haemocyte count
Phenoloxidase activity
Respiratory burst
Superoxide dismutase activity
Phagocytic activity
Clearance efficiency
日期: 2005
上传时间: 2016-08-30T02:29:25Z
出版者: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
摘要: Abstract: The total haemocyte count (THC), phenoloxidase activity, respiratory burst, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, phagocytic activity and clearance efficiency in response to pathogen Vibrio alginolyticus were measured when the white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei (20.0 ± 1.5 g) were injected individually with dopamine at 10−8, 10−7 and 10−6 mol shrimp−1, respectively. For the shrimp that received dopamine at 10−7 and 10−6 mol shrimp−1, the THC decreased by 25% and 39%, phenoloxidase activity decreased by 15% and 32%, respiratory burst decreased by 21% and 36%, and SOD activity decreased by 50% and 63%, respectively, after 4 h. The phagocytic activity and clearance efficiency of shrimp that received dopamine at either dose decreased significantly after 2 h. The THC, phenoloxidase activity, respiratory burst, SOD activity, phagocytic activity and clearance efficiency returned to normal values after 16, 8, 8, 24, 16 and 4 h, respectively, for the shrimp that received dopamine at either dose. In another experiment, L. vannamei which had received dopamine at 10−8, 10−7 and 10−6 mol shrimp−1 were challenged after 1 h by injection with V. alginolyticus at 1.0 × 105 colony-forming units (cfu) shrimp−1 and then placed in seawater of 20‰. The cumulative mortality of shrimp that received dopamine at either dose was significantly higher than that of shrimp that received saline after 8 h, and of shrimp that received saline at the termination of the experiment (48 h after the challenge). It is therefore concluded that dopamine administration at 10−6 mol shrimp−1 or less causes immune modulation of L. vannamei.
關聯: 19(4)
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/38355
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