National Taiwan Ocean University Institutional Repository:Item 987654321/37294
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Title: Chitooligosaccharides from the shrimp chitosan hydrolysate induces differentiation of murine RAW264.7 macrophages into dendritic-like cells
Authors: Guan-James Wu;Chien-Hui Wu;Guo-Jane Tsai
Contributors: 國立臺灣海洋大學:食品科學系
Keywords: Chitosan;Chitooligosaccharide;Dendritic cell;RAW264.7 macrophage;Differentiation;Immune-modulation
Date: 2015-01
Issue Date: 2016-01-19T07:22:16Z
Publisher: Journal of Functional Foods
Abstract: Abstract:Dendritic cells and macrophages are professional antigen-presenting cells that activate T-cell-mediated immune responses. A water-soluble hydrolysate with immunomodulatory activity was obtained by cellulase degradation of shrimp chitosan. This chitosan hydrolysate was further separated into a low-molecular-weight chitosan (LMWC) and achitooligosaccharide mixture (oligomixture). In this study, the effects of these three chitosanolytic samples on the induction of murine RAW264.7 macrophages into dentritic-like cells were investigated. Both the chitosan hydrolysate and oligomixture but not the LMWC increased cell size, induced dendritic morphological changes and caused G0/G1 phase cell cycle arrest in RAW264.7 cells. The oligomixture markedly suppressed the superoxide production of RAW264.7 cells and stimulated the phagocytic activity and expression of dendritic cell surface markers (B7.1, B7.2, and CD40). These findings demonstrate that an oligomixture (chitooligosaccharides) isolated from chitosan hydrolysate can induce differentiation of RAW264.7 macrophages into dendritic-like cells, and consequently, enhances both the cell-mediated and humoral immune responses.
Relation: 12,pp.70-79
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/37294
Appears in Collections:[Department of Food Science] Periodical Articles

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