Abstract:This study investigates the hypocholesterolemic effects of a diet containing freshwater clam hydrolysate (PX) and insoluble dietary fibre from whole Gracilaria (IDF). Freshwater clam meat and whole dried Gracilaria were separately extracted using hot water. The residual meat was hydrolysed at 50 °C by Protamex to obtain freshwater clam hydrolysate (PX). Levels of triacylglycerol and cholesterol in Sprague–Dawley (SD) rats were compared with those of rats fed diets containing casein and cellulose as a control. Plasma triacylglycerol levels decreased by 65.8%, 27.9%, and 44.3%, respectively, in PX10 (16.6% hydrolysate), IDF10 (13.0% IDF) and compounded PX10/IDF10 groups, while plasma total cholesterol levels decreased by 26.1%, 24.2%, and 17.1%, respectively. In the liver, triacylglycerol levels decreased by 27.6%, 21.0%, and 28.0%, respectively, while total cholesterol levels decreased by 50.0%, 38.5%, and 48.6%, respectively. The compound PX10/IDF10 diet group showed a higher excretion of faecal total cholesterol and bile acids levels than did the other groups.