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|Title: ||Imaging seismic velocities for hydrate-bearing sediments using converted waves near Yuan-An Ridge, off southwest Taiwan|
|Authors: ||Cheng;W.B.;T. Y. Shih;W.Y. Lin;T. K. Wang;C.S. Liu;Y. Wang|
|Contributors: ||NTOU:Institute of Applied Geosciences|
|Keywords: ||Gas hydrates;Ocean bottom seismometer;Converted wave;Seismic velocity|
|Issue Date: ||2015-05-19T06:25:59Z
|Publisher: ||Journal of Asian Earth Sciences|
|Abstract: ||Data from P-waves and from S-waves generated by P–S conversion on reflection from airgun shots recorded along four lines of ocean bottom seismometers were used to construct 2-D velocity sections near the Yuan-An Ridge, off southwest Taiwan. The locations of the ocean bottom seismometers were determined to high accuracy by an inversion based on the shot traveltimes. Traveltime inversion and forward modeling of multicomponent wide-angle seismic data result in detailed P-wave (Vp) and S-wave (Vs) velocities of hydrate-bearing sediment layers. The inversion indicates a relatively high P-wave velocity beneath topographic ridges which represent a series of thrust-cored anticlines develop in the accretionary wedge. S-wave velocities of the sediments over the entire section, down to 400 m below seafloor, range from 320 to 570 ms−1. We suggested the lateral variation in Vp/Vs profiles in the hydrate-affected zones may be related to the migration conduit of gas-rich fluid and a characteristic of hydrate content. We model Vp using equations based on a modification of Wood’s equation to estimate the gas hydrate saturation. The hydrate saturation varies from 5% at the top ∼200 m below the seafloor to 10–15% of pore space close to the bottom simulating reflector (BSR) in the survey area.|
|Relation: ||92(1), pp.215–223|
|Appears in Collections:||[應用地球科學研究所] 期刊論文|
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