National Taiwan Ocean University Institutional Repository:Item 987654321/32518
English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Items with full text/Total items : 27228/39071
Visitors : 2410847      Online Users : 60
RC Version 4.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Adv. Search
LoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/32518

Title: 海上貨物運送人責任國際公約立法模式之分析
An Analysis of Legislative Approach to Liabilities of Marine Cargo Carriers under International Conventions
Authors: Fang K.H.;Liu T.C.;Chung Cheng-Chi
方凱弘;劉祖彰;鍾政棋
Contributors: NTOU:Department of Shipping and Transportation Management
國立臺灣海洋大學:航運管理學系
Keywords: 國際公約;海牙規則;鹿特丹規則;海上貨物運送人責任
International Conventions;The Hague Rules;The Rotterdam Rules;Liabilities of marine cargo carriers
Date: 2011-06
Issue Date: 2012-06-18T05:52:17Z
Publisher: Maritime Quarterly
航運季刊
Abstract: 摘要:自美國1893年哈特法案以降,至1924年海牙規則、1968年海牙威斯比規則、1978年漢堡規則,以迄2009年鹿特丹規則之百年歷程中,託運人與運送人間之勢力持續對抗。就海上貨物運送發展趨勢,以託運人利益抑或以運送人利益優先之立法模式,對全球海運市場具有舉足輕重之影響。本文藉由歷史法學研究方法,分析國際公約統一法之變革,探討海上貨物運送人責任之演進。本文研究發現,受契約自由原則之影響,海上貨物運送人責任從絕對責任逐步緩和至相對責任。顯然地,為了追求國家利益與海運市場效率,折衝於各國際公約之責任混合立法已為趨勢。海上貨物運送人責任立法模式,並非單向式亦非直線式發展,乃託運人與運送人間之變動,搖擺振幅似有逐漸縮小之趨勢。
Abstract:The force of shippers and carriers were in the competition for hundreds of years, since the Harter Act in 1893, the Hague Rules in 1924, the Hague-Visby Rules in 1968, the Hamburg Rules in 1978, and the Rotterdam Rules in 2009. To the trend of marine cargo transportation development, the legislative approach of the priority of shipper's or carrier's benefit has played a decisive role in global shipping markets. This article is analyzed by the process of legislation explained to the unification of international conventions and the background of liabilities of marine cargo carriers. It is shown that under the impact of doctrine of contract freedom, the carrier's absolute liabilities have been turned into relative liabilities gradually. Obviously, the mixing legislative approach among the international conventions is the main way to fit for the benefit of countries and efficiency of shipping markets. We believe that the legislative approach to liabilities of marine cargo carriers is neither one-way nor straight-way process. It swings like a pendulum under the influence of shippers and carriers, and the amplitude seems to be less and less.
Relation: 20(2), pp.21-44
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw/handle/987654321/32518
Appears in Collections:[Department of Shipping and Transportation Management] Periodical Articles

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
index.html0KbHTML148View/Open


All items in NTOUR are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

 


著作權政策宣告: 本網站之內容為國立臺灣海洋大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,請合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。
網站維護: 海大圖資處 圖書系統組
DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback