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|Authors: ||Chung Cheng-Chi;Hwang C.C.|
|Contributors: ||NTOU:Department of Shipping and Transportation Management|
Sublet;Subcharter;Break-bulk carrier;Charter chains;Charter party
|Issue Date: ||2012-06-18T05:52:07Z
Abstract:The operation of bulk carrier includes voyage charter, time charter and demise charter. The purpose of this paper is to clarify the difference between lease and charter, to finalize the right and obligation relation between contracting parties under different charter parties, to discuss the operation patterns of charter chains, which is expected to provide bulk carrier firms more information in application to reinforce subletting and subchartering operations. In order to clarify these issues, this study analyzes the regulation foundation of charter chains, based on the theory and case study analysis and comparison, as well as utilizes the practical terms and conditions of charter party to discuss the contents and patterns of charter chains. This study finds that the operation patterns of charter chains should include vessel charter and sublet as well as the charter and subcharter of vessel and cargo. Nor need a vessel be under only one charter at a time. The charterer of a vessel may desire to charter out the vessel to the subcharterer for a period of time or a voyage, and he may do so unless prohibited by the terms of the head charter. Unless entering into a demise clause, a subcharter does not create any contractual relationship between the shipowners and the subcharterers, and will not relieve the charterer of any of his duties to the shipowner.
|Relation: ||15(1), pp.99-113|
|Appears in Collections:||[航運管理學系] 期刊論文|
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