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Title: Chitooligosaccharides in combination with interferon-γ increase nitric oxide production via nuclear factor-κB activation in murine RAW264.7 macrophages
Authors: Guan James Wu;Guo Jane Tsai
Contributors: 國立臺灣海洋大學:食品科學系
Keywords: Chitooligosaccharides;Chitosan hydrolysate;Inducible NO synthase;Low-molecular weight chitosan;NF-κB;Nitric oxide;RAW264.7 macrophages
Date: 2007-02
Issue Date: 2012-04-26T06:07:42Z
Publisher: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Abstract: Abstract:A low-molecular weight chitosan (LMWC) with a molecular mass of 20 kDa and a chitooligosaccharide mixture (oligomixture) which is composed of sugars with a degree of polymerization (DP) of 1–6 were isolated from the chitosan hydrolysate. The effects of the chitosan hydrolysate, LMWC and oligomixture on the production of nitric oxide (NO) in RAW 264.7 macrophages were evaluated, and their effects on NF-κB activation and the gene expression of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) were further investigated. None of the tested 3 samples of hydrolysate, LMWC and oligomixture alone affected the NO production in RAW 264.7 macrophages. However, treatment of macrophages with a combination of hydrolysate/oligomixture and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) significantly induced NO production in a dose-dependent manner, whereas a combination of LMWC and IFN-γ inhibited NO production. These effects on NO synthesis were evidenced via regulating the iNOS gene expression. Both hydrolysate and oligomixture promoted the migration of NF-κB into the nucleus and enhanced its DNA binding activity. MG132, a specific inhibitor of NF-κB, eliminated the NO synthesis in IFN-γ plus hydrolysate/oligomixture-induced RAW264.7 macrophages. The treatment of RAW264.7 macrophages with anti-CD14, anti-TLR4, and anti-CR3 antibodies significantly blocked NO production induced by IFN-γ plus hydrolysate/oligomixture. These results demonstrated that the oligomixture, which is the main functional component in the chitosan hydrolysate, in combination with IFN-γ, synergistically induced NF-κB activation and NO production through binding with the receptors of CD14, TLR4 and CR3 in RAW264.7 macrophages.
Relation: 45(2), pp.250-258
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw/handle/987654321/30990
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