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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/30837

Title: 政策導向計畫:海洋能源專業人才培育與科普教育之整合型研究-子計畫二:海洋能源產業人力供需與科技人才培育之研究
The Supply and Demand Analyses and Cultivation of Human Resource in the Ocean Energy Industry
Authors: 李選士;潘崇良;鍾政棋;吳靖國;陳建宏
Contributors: 國立臺灣海洋大學:航運管理學系
Keywords: 海洋能源;生質能源;機械能源;能源政策;PEST分析;SWOT分析
Ocean energy;Bio-energy;Mechanical energy;Energy policy;PEST analysis;SWOT analysis
Date: 2011-11
Issue Date: 2012-04-13T01:48:28Z
Publisher: 行政院國家科學委員會
Abstract: 摘要:近年環保意識抬頭,全球綠色觀念盛行。面對經濟成長與能源危機,全球有關能源發展之趨勢,將從消耗性能源逐漸轉向再生性能源。其中以海洋能源最為豐富,如何將海洋資源轉化為有效之能源,確實係重要的研究課題。臺灣四面環海,石油與煤炭石化燃料資源貧乏,開發再生能源實乃當務之急。由於海洋能源產業為新興產業,我國尚未有完善之配套措施。為了進行我國海洋能源產業中生質與機械能源的調查與分析,本文主要構建海洋生質與機械能源PEST問卷,並採用SWOT分析法,探討我國海洋生質與機械能源的整體環境與經營環境。研究分析發現,對於我國發展海洋生質能源及其所產生的經濟效益已獲大眾認同,且多數同意我國具備優良的天然條件、人力資源、先進技術與創新能力等優勢。然而海洋能源產業目前尚處於起步階段,不僅於技術研發方面須持續加強,政府政策與法規、資金投入及供應鏈體系等,則有待政府積極規劃與協助。於海洋機械能源方面,我國國民對發展海洋機械能源及其所生經濟效益抱持肯定態度,並認同機械能源技術與研發已漸趨成熟,且認為我國具備優良的天然條件與人力資源之優勢。若欲強化海洋機械能源競爭力,不僅於技術研發須持續加強,政府政策與法規及資金投入,更有待政府積極的規劃與協助。研究結果可以提供海洋生質與機械能源業者擬定營運策略,以及政府主管機關研擬能源政策之參考。
Abstract:There has been a general awareness about environmental protection in recent years, and the idea of ’going green’ has been popular around the world. Because of economic growth and an energy crisis, the developmental trend of energy may be turned from expendable to renewable energy. Ocean energy is the richest resource among all renewable energy. Therefore, the development and use of ocean resources is the most important energy issue. Due to the lack of fossil fuel, it is critical to develop renewable energy in Taiwan. The greatest advantage among Taiwan’s natural resources is the surrounding oceans. However, ocean energy is still a growing industry, and is lacks enough supporting policies in Taiwan. For further investigation and analysis of ocean bio-energy and ocean mechanical energy in Taiwan, this paper uses a PEST questionnaire and adopts SWOT analysis, to get a thorough understanding of their overall and business environment. Results show that developing ocean bio-energy in Taiwan and its economic benefits have been recognized. It is also shown that Taiwan has the superior nature conditions, human resources, technology and creativity to pursue it. However, ocean bio-energy in Taiwan is still in an initial stage. Technical development, government policy and regulation, capital investment, and the supply chain system all require the government’s assistance and planning. As for ocean mechanical energy, results show that nationals have a positive attitude for developing the ocean mechanical energy industry in Taiwan and its economic benefits. Also, they accept that the technical development has progressed towards a mature stage. Most repliers agree that Taiwan has advantageous natural and human resources. However technical development, policy, regulation, and capital investment all require an overall plan and further government support in order for the ocean mechanical energy industry in Taiwan to promote its competiveness. The findings of this paper can be a good reference in assisting ocean bio-energy and ocean mechanical energy companies in operational decision-making, as well as government agencies in formulating supportive energy policies.
Relation: NSC100-3113-S019-003
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw/handle/987654321/30837
Appears in Collections:[航運管理學系] 研究計畫
[食品科學系] 研究計畫
[教育研究所] 研究計畫
[系統工程暨造船學系] 研究計畫

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