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|Title: ||Classification of marine Basidiomycota and Ascomycota|
|Authors: ||Jones E. B. G.;Sakayaroj J.;Somrithipol S.;Pang K. L.|
|Contributors: ||NTOU:Institute of Marine Biology|
|Keywords: ||evolution;marine fungi;morphology;phylogeny;systematics|
|Issue Date: ||2011-10-21T03:05:05Z
|Publisher: ||Asian Mycology Congress 2007 & Xth International Marine and Freshwater Mycology Symposium|
|Abstract: ||Abstract:Since the observations of Barghoorn and Linder (1944) on the occurrence of lignicolous fungi, the number of taxa described has increased dramatically (Kohlmeyer and Kohlmeyer (1991) listed 321 species; Hyde et al. (2000) put the figure at 444 species). In a forthcoming monograph on the classification of marine fungi we will list 552 species, with circa 30 marine derived species, and excluding marine yeasts and the Chytridiales. There is no recent treatment of the phylogenetic relationships of marine fungi since the books by Johnson and Sparrow (1961) and Kohlmeyer and Kohlmeyer (1979), but their classifications are now outdated. Molecular techniques have enabled a better understanding of the phylogeny of marine fungi and their origin from terrestrial ancestors (Spatafora et al., 1998). The basidiomycetes comprise four different lineages while marine basidiomycetous yeasts account for further lineages (Jones and Choelklyn, 2008). Eight lineages of marine unitunicate ascomycetes and four for the bitunicate ascomycetes are now established, while many anamorphic fungi have been linked to their teleomorphs (Chatmala et al., 2002). Like marine basidiomycetes, marine lichens are few in number and warrant further study. Many marine fungal genera can not be assigned to families and orders. Recent results will be presented to demonstrate successful classification of such problematic species.|
|Appears in Collections:||[海洋生物研究所] 演講及研討會|
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